Countries have one hard-fought final agreement at the COP27 climate summit creating a fund to help poor countries ravaged by climate disasters – but it doesn’t spur efforts to tackle the emissions they cause.

Here’s what people are saying about Sunday’s deal:

Frans Timmermans, head of EU climate policy

“This is the make-or-break decade, but what we have ahead of us is not enough of a step forward for people and the planet.

“I urge you, as you leave this room, to recognize that we have all fallen short in actions to prevent and minimize loss and damage. We should have done a lot more, our citizens expect us to lead.”

“Too many parties are not ready to make more progress today in the fight against the climate crisis.”

Ani Dasgupta, President and CEO, World Resources Institute

“It is baffling that countries have not mustered the courage to call for the phase-out of fossil fuels, which are the biggest driver of climate change.”

UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres

“A loss and damage fund is essential, but it is not an answer if the climate crisis wipes a small island nation off the map or turns an entire African country into a desert. The world still needs a giant leap forward in climate ambition.

“To have some hope Maintain 1.5 degrees Celsius, we need to invest massively in renewable energy and end our addiction to fossil fuels. We must avoid an energy battle in which developing countries finish last – as they did in the race for COVID-19 vaccines. Doubling fossil fuels is a double problem.

UN Development Program Manager Achim Steiner

“It is illogical to fund the irreversible impacts of climate change without significant investment in the adaptation and mitigation measures developing countries need to address its root causes.”

Pakistan’s Climate Change Minister Sherry Rehman

“We have struggled on this path for 30 years and today this journey in Sharm el-Sheikh has reached its first positive milestone… It is a down payment and investment in climate justice.”

German Foreign Minister Annalena Baerbock

Germany expressed both “hope and frustration” over the outcome of a fraught UN COP27 climate summit which closed on Sunday.

“We made a breakthrough on climate justice – with a broad coalition of states after years of stagnation,” Secretary of State Annalena Baerbock tweeted. But a lack of ambition to reduce emissions means “the world is losing valuable time on its way to 1.5 degrees,” she said.

“It is beyond frustrating to see overdue mitigation and fossil energy phase-out steps being held back by a number of major emitters and oil producers.”

French Energy Minister Agnes Pannier-Runacher

“No progress has been made” in stepping up efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and phase out fossil fuels, said Pannier-Runacher, who lamented a “real disappointment” but welcomed a loss and damage fund for countries that be vulnerable to climate change.

“Yet the commitments made in Glasgow were reiterated, in particular on the need to continue aiming for 1.5°C. That was a common thread for us. It was important to reaffirm 1.5°C in this context of an energy crisis that might lead some to believe that we would abandon that target in order to face the crisis. That is not the case. We have reaffirmed that goal and now we are moving forward.”

Egyptian Foreign Minister and COP27 President Sameh Shoukry

“My friends, we heard the call and we responded. Today, here in Sharm el-Sheikh, we launched the very first dedicated loss and damage fund, a fund that has been so long in the making.

“Millions around the world can now feel a glimmer of hope that their suffering will finally be properly addressed.”

Maldives Environment Minister Aminath Shauna

“I want to continue living in the Maldives. I also want my two-year-old girl to grow up in the Maldives too.”

“We are only a meter above sea level. Every fraction of a degree of temperature rise and every millimeter of sea level rise threatens our very existence.”

“Over the past two weeks, we have made clear that mitigation ambition [cutting emissions] was a cornerstone of our results here at COP27. I’m discouraged that we didn’t get there.”

Kristin Tilley, Australian Climate Change Ambassador

“We made historic progress at COP27 establish new financing arrangementsincluding a fund, and to explore a wide variety of ways to provide support to developing countries that are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change.

“However, we must push further in light of the grim findings of the latest science.”

Alok Sharma, COP26 President

“Emissions peaking before 2025, as science tells us, are necessary. Not in this text. Clear follow-up of the phase-out of coal. Not in this text. A clear commitment to phase out all fossil fuels. Not in this text. And the energy text, toned down, in the final minutes.

“Each of us will have to explain that to our citizens, to the world’s most vulnerable countries and communities, and ultimately to the children and grandchildren to whom many of us are now going home.”

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